Craniofacial anomalies are deformities that affect a child’s head and facial bones. These disorders are typically present at birth (congenital) and can range from mild to severe.
Common craniofacial anomalies include:
- cleft lip and palate – a separation in the lip and the palate
- craniosynostosis – premature closure of the soft spots in an
- hemifacial microsomia – a condition in which the tissues on one side of the face are underdeveloped
- infant’s skull
- vascular malformation – an abnormal growth composed of blood vessels
- hemangioma – a benign tumor that causes a red birthmark
Syndactyly is a condition in which children are born with fused or webbed fingers. About half of children with syndactyly have it in both hands (bilateral). Most of the time, syndactyly affects the fingers. Sometimes it affects the toes.
Hypospadias repair is surgery to correct a defect in the opening of the penis that is present at birth. The urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body) does not end at the tip of the penis. Instead, it ends on the underside of the penis.
If you have ears that stick out too far from the head (Bat ear) it may cause social embarrassment and self-esteem issues.
Children especially may be bullied or made fun of, which can cause psychological damage at a young age.
Otoplasty, also called ear pinning, is a facial plastic surgery procedure that can reshape and reposition the ears into a more normal appearance. This surgery can be performed on both adults and children, and has a very high satisfaction rate.
Cleft lip and palate repair surgically corrects abnormal development, restoring function to the lips and mouth and producing a more normal appearance.
Usually cleft lip repair done at 3 months and cleft palate repair done from 6 to 9 months.